Amongst the widespread devastation and damage throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. “Haiti Events of 2018,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. Subsequent natural disasters, such as Hurricane Matthew in 2016, have drastically set back its recovery. A UN representative reported that the aftershock collapsed seven buildings in the town. Witnesses told reporters that the sea first retreated and a "very big wave" followed rapidly, crashing ashore and sweeping boats and debris into the ocean.[50]. There is no evidence of surface rupture; based on seismological, geological and ground deformation data, it is also thought that the earthquake did not involve significant lateral slip on the main Enriquillo fault. [121] The Dominican Red Cross coordinated early medical relief in conjunction with the International Red Cross. "[265] The Interim Haiti Recovery Commission, led by former US President Bill Clinton and Haitian Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive, had been set up to facilitate the flow of funds toward reconstruction projects in April 2010, but as of January 2011, no major reconstruction had started. [258] Cholera most often affects poor countries with limited access to clean water and proper sanitation. Amongst the widespread devastation and damage throughout Port-au-Prince and elsewhere, vital infrastructure necessary to respond to the disaster was severely damaged or destroyed. [105] However, an investigation by Radio Netherlands has questioned the official death toll, reporting an estimate of 92,000 deaths as being a more realistic figure. It's Good That China's Growth Is Slowing. In 2010, the Inter-American Development Bank estimated that the earthquake created between $7.8 billion and $8.5 billion in damage. It said that the damage could be as much $13.9 billion over time. "[252], Haitian grassroots groups advocated for the government to fulfill the right to housing as designated in the Haitian constitution, and for donor governments to support this as well. Mati Goldstein, head of the Israeli ZAKA International Rescue Unit delegation to Haiti, described the situation as "Shabbat from hell. By May 2010, enough aid had been raised internationally to give each displaced family a cheque for US$37,000. [69][101] Lt. Gen. P.K. The head of the United Nations Stabilization Mission (MINUSTAH), Hedi Annabi and his Deputy, Luiz Carlos da Costa, both died when the building housing the headquarters of the mission collapsed. Books & Ideas. “Haiti Earthquake Science: What Caused the Disaster,” Accessed Dec. 16, 2019. [56] Damage to the Port-au-Prince seaport[57] rendered the harbor unusable for immediate rescue operations; its container crane subsided severely at an angle because of weak foundations. The earthquake shrank Haiti's gross domestic product by 5.1%. [190], About 64,000 people living in the three adjacent agricultural communities of Durissy, Morne a Chandelle, and Les Palmes were relatively unharmed because most of the people were working in the fields when the quakes struck. [81] A representative of Catholic Relief Services has estimated that about two million Haitians lived as squatters on land they did not own. The supercarrier USS Carl Vinson arrived at maximum possible speed on 15 January with 600,000 emergency food rations, 100,000 ten-litre water containers, and an enhanced wing of 19 helicopters; 130,000 litres of drinking water were transferred to shore on the first day. [220], In the aftermath of the earthquake, the government of Canada announced that it would match the donations of Canadians up to a total of C$50 million. [10] In mid February 2010, the Haitian government reported the death toll to have reached 230,000. It was also felt in several surrounding countries and regions, including Cuba (MM III in Guantánamo), Jamaica (MM II in Kingston), Venezuela (MM II in Caracas), Puerto Rico (MM II–III in San Juan), and the bordering Dominican Republic (MM III in Santo Domingo). [150], Rescue efforts began in the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, with able-bodied survivors extricating the living and the dead from the rubble of the many buildings that had collapsed. During Haiti's time as a French colony, earthquakes were recorded by French historian Moreau de Saint-Méry (1750–1819). [23], Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and is ranked 149th of 182 countries on the Human Development Index. [178], The helicopter carrier USS Bataan sailed with three large dock landing ships and two survey/salvage vessels, to create a "sea base" for the rescue effort. Seven years later, 55,000 people still lived in the camps, according to the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. The U.N. also reported that 2.5 million Haitians needed humanitarian aid. In total, the quake-affected 20% of the nation's 10.4 million population. "[269], On 25 August 2012, recovery was hampered due to Tropical Storm Isaac impacting Haiti's southern peninsula. The data shows that some crucial sectors face particularly large funding gaps. In 2016, Hurricane Matthew set back rebuilding efforts. Most donors provided funds for transitional housing but very little money for clearing rubble or repairing houses". Countries canceled any debt owed to them by Haiti. The quake's closeness made its impact much stronger. Haiti is at a crossroads—a place it’s familiar with—but movements of the poor, former earthquake refugees and small farmers are taking the path to leadership. Robert Fox, executive director of Oxfam Canada, said: "The dysfunction has been aided unabated by the way the international community has organized itself, where pledges have been made and they haven't followed through [and] where they come to the table with their own agendas and own priorities. [27], The magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake occurred inland, on 12 January 2010 at 16:53 (UTC−05:00), approximately 25 km (16 mi) WSW from Port-au-Prince at a depth of 13 km (8.1 mi)[7] on blind thrust faults associated with the Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault system[28] and lasted less than 30 seconds. [125] From the Middle East, the government of Qatar sent a strategic transport aircraft (C-17), loaded with 50 tonnes of urgent relief materials and 26 members from the Qatari armed forces, the internal security force (Lekhwiya), police force and the Hamad Medical Corporation, to set up a field hospital and provide assistance in Port-au-Prince and other affected areas in Haiti. Encuentra fotos de stock perfectas e imágenes editoriales de noticias sobre Haiti Earthquake Damage en Getty Images. A spokesman for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that the French government had not protested officially with regard to the management of the airport. ", "Haiti Recovery Bogged Down 6 Months after Quake", "Six months after quake, Haiti still suffers", "Notre-Dame de Port-au-Prince, cathédrale martyre de Haïti", Group: Haiti Earthquake Camps Expose Women to Sex Violence, "In Haiti, Global Failures on a Cholera Epidemic", A year of indecision leaves Haiti’s recovery at a standstill, Haiti reconstruction at 'standstill,' says Oxfam report, Children in Haiti: One Year After — The long road from relief to recovery, Haiti: Sexual violence against women increasing, "Haiti Earthquake Recovery: Where Did All The Money Go? That would cost $370 million. [214] Following the meeting with Secretary Clinton, President Préval stated that the highest priorities in Haiti's recovery were establishing a working government, clearing roads, and ensuring the streets were cleared of bodies to improve sanitary conditions. [30] Strong shaking associated with intensity IX on the Modified Mercalli scale (MM) was recorded in Port-au-Prince and its suburbs. Everywhere, the acrid smell of bodies hangs in the air. "[195] By 20 January they had reached Petit-Goâve as well, where they set up two first-aid posts and distributed first-aid kits. [226] On top of matching donations, International Co-operation Minister Bev Oda pledged an additional C$290 million in long-term relief to be spent between 2010 and 2012, including C$8 million in debt relief to Haiti, part of a broader cancellation of the country's overall World Bank debt. He described damage done by an earthquake in 1751, writing that "only one masonry building had not collapsed" in Port-au-Prince; he also wrote that the "whole city collapsed" in the 1770 Port-au-Prince earthquake. It was reported that gang leaders and land owners were intimidating the displaced and that sexual, domestic, and gang violence in and around the camps was rising. A US State Department spokesperson said the report had inconsistencies and would not be released until they were resolved. 3,500,000 people were affected by the quake 3. Food became scarce, and cholera started spreading again. ", "Haiti's Cholera Epidemic Not Waning; Vaccination to Begin", "Haiti, DR to eliminate cholera with $2.2 billion", "Cholera has struck more than 6% of Haitians", http://www.mspp.gouv.ht/site/downloads/Rapport%20%20Web%2012.08_Avec_Courbes_Departementales.pdf, Haiti Earthquake Response – Three -Year Update, "In Search of the Red Cross' $500 Million in Haiti Relief", "7 Years After Haiti's Earthquake, Millions Still Need Aid", "Debut Novels, New Books by Emma Hopper, Quan Barry and Dimitry Elias Léger", Illustration -Major earthquakes in the Caribbean since the 1600s and Haiti earthquake, Haiti Reconstruction: USAID Infrastructure Projects Have Had Mixed Results and Face Sustainability Challenges: Testimony before the Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives, 9 October 2013, Aid-workers, academics and journalists discuss the social context of the earthquake and international response, United Nations Security Council Resolution 1908, We Are the World 25 for Haiti (YouTube edition), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=2010_Haiti_earthquake&oldid=984632619, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from February 2011, Articles with dead external links from August 2013, Articles with dead external links from May 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles containing Haitian Creole-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2010, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 05:32. [107], Several experts have questioned the validity of the death toll numbers; Anthony Penna, professor emeritus in environmental history at Northeastern University, warned that casualty estimates could only be a "guesstimate",[108] and Belgian disaster response expert Claude de Ville de Goyet noted that "round numbers are a sure sign that nobody knows. In the area you have selected (Haiti) earthquake hazard is classified as medium according to the information that is currently available. The tremor caused severe damage at ground level because it occurred at a fairly shallow depth of 13 kilometres below the surface. [14], The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other cities in the region. These fees, known as interchange, generate $45 billion a year in revenue for the companies. Capital One, Visa, MasterCard, American Express, and Discover waived fees for donations to relief efforts. In February Prime Minister Jean-Max Bellerive estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildingshad collapsed or were severely damaged. [40] An article published in Haiti's Le Matin newspaper in September 2008 cited comments by geologist Patrick Charles to the effect that there was a high risk of major seismic activity in Port-au-Prince. In many cases land ownership was never officially registered. [137] The OpenStreetMap community responded to the disaster by greatly improving the level of mapping available for the area using post-earthquake satellite photography provided by GeoEye,[138] and crowdmapping website Ushahidi coordinated messages from multiple sites to assist Haitians still trapped and to keep families of survivors informed. There it caused flooding and 29 deaths according to local reporting. 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