Commentary, Psalm 85:8-13, W.H. Psalm 4:8. Through the praise of children and infants you have established a stronghold against your enemies, to silence the foe and the avenger. Psalm 18 Commentary: Genre. Psalm 8:1. It emphasizes God’s sovereignty (8:1, 9) and proclaims that humans exercise their legitimate authority within the rule of God. 5,313 Views . Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 8:3-9 We are to consider the heavens, that man thus may be directed to set his affections on things above. How excellent is thy name — That is, thy glory, as it is explained in the next clause; in all the earth — The works of creation and providence evince and proclaim to all the world that there is an infinite Being, the fountain of all being, power, and perfection; the sovereign Ruler, powerful Protector, and bountiful Benefactor of all creatures. God put humans in charge of the earth. The next section of the psalm (verses 3-8) focuses on human beings and their place within the created order. In Psalm 8 it is impossible to tell the exact intention. This psalm is titled A Psalm of David. The issue in Psalm 8, as in Genesis 1 to which it refers, is the relationship between humanity (us!) Creation is not merely a one-time act “in the beginning,” but an ongoing work and gift of God that makes us realize ever anew “how majestic is your name in all the earth.”. The point, however, is not so much the identity of elohim, but the difference between the heavenly and earthly realms. This short Psalm is unique. It is also the only one of the 150 psalms that is a direct address to God throughout the entire poem. . By repeating the words at the end the whole psalm is given a structure that calls attention to God’s sovereignty. Commentary on Psalm 2:7-9 (Read Psalm 2:7-9) The kingdom of the Messiah is founded upon an eternal decree of God the Father. A team of killer whales worked together to create giant waves that swept seals off ice floes. I will lay me down in peace — In tranquillity of mind, resting securely upon God’s promises, and the conduct of his wise and gracious providence. Even the weakest creatures (babes and infants) give voice to the power of God that overcomes all forces that would thwart God’s will. The “avenger” and “enemy” here most likely refer to the chaotic forces God overcame when creating the world (see Genesis 1:1-2:4). Indeed, the psalm proclaims that humans are God’s agents on earth. The psalm sings the old creation story into the present, rejoicing again in being made “little less than divine” (NJPS), which means having “dominion” over the works of God’s hands, over all creation. we're not 100% sure what those words mean, probably some kind of musical notation on how it is to be sung and it's a psalm of David. James Limburg has described Psalm 8 as “a psalm for stargazers”1 and indeed, it is that. 2 Therefore we will not fear, even though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea; 3 Though its waters roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with its swelling. They give structure to the psalm and draw attention to the majesty and sovereignty of God. The first two verses encourage us to remember what God has done for Israel and for us — looking favorably on the land, restoring fortunes, and centering, most particularly, on the forgiveness of sins. “I’m surrounded!”–surrounded by the gracious works of God and the gathered community of God’s people. For the psalm celebrates not so much God as the God who created human beings. The final verse contains the same words as the first line of the psalm (8:1a). In Genesis 2:15 God makes the human the caretaker of the earth. Commentary & Application for Psalm 30. We're … Psalm 8 Commentary: In the New Testament. God hath said unto him, Thou art my Son, and it becomes each of us to say to him, Thou art my Lord, my Sovereign'. What is man, so mean a creature, that he should be thus honoured! 1O LORD, our Sovereign, how majestic is your name in all the earth! They are far too complicated and way over your head.”. Daily Bible Reading - Psalm 52 & 53. Now, let me briefly cite the places where this psalm is used in the New Testament. But we dare not say, “Praise the Lord, for God has blessed all the assaults on the earth of which we are now capable and given us bigger and better stuff.” We too rightly rejoice in God’s blessing of our works, but, to be blessed, such works must understand “dominion” in the sense of Psalm 72, where the purpose of royal dominion (Psalm 72:8) is to “defend the cause of the poor” (verse 4) and to bring “abundance” (verse 16), “righteousness” (verse 7), and “peace” (verse 7) to all. Psalm 8 Bible Commentary. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 8 INTRODUCTION: While the superscription notes this psalm is for the use of the Chief Musician or choirmaster, the psalm itself is addressed to Yahweh. But even more, this is a psalm for soul searchers. “Praise the Lord,” they sang, “for God has blessed our humble efforts and given us life!”. How bright this glory shines even in this lower world! Psalm 41:8-9. 8. and the rest of creation. So also Psalm 8 describes the unique place of humans in terms of the human place over other creatures. The whole bridge represents the full glory of God. Rather, the question puts the human in relation to God’s greatness: “What are humans . In the space of five verses, the second reading for Trinity Sunday mentions God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit. What’s in a name? Within those verses comes the praise of God’s particular works (overturning foes in B; blessing humans in B’), and, at the center, the wondering awe of the poet (C). The Popular Commentary is in the public domain. Selah. No name is so universal, no power and influence so … Psalm 8 - For the director of music. More specifically, it is a panegyric on human excellence (Psalm 8:4-6) couched within a pious frame (8:1a, 9). That work is worthy of praise! Second, it is important to note that the question (“What are humans?”) is not an abstract query about the nature and identity of humankind. Literally, says Houbigant, A thing of Belial is poured out upon him, that is, his wickedness is brought round upon, or overflows him. Many of my favorite songs are simple melodies that call out the name of Jesus. Related Videos. Psalm 8 has a rather clear concentric structure: A O Lord, our Sovereign… (verse 1a) B You have set your glory… (verses 1b-2) C When I look… (verses 3-4) B’ Yet, you have made… (verses 5-8) A’ O Lord, our Sovereign (verse 9). When singers of the psalm looked “at your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and stars that you have established,” they saw not the many stars and galaxies light-years away that we know from our science classes, planetariums, and telescopes, with the earth a mere speck in a minor planetary system, but the stars and the moon as fixed points on a half-dome sky, surrounding an earth that was the center of the universe, indeed, that was the universe. In this psalm, that character pertains primarily to the divine power over the created order. Psalm 8 is the first psalm of praise in the Book of Psalms. Similarly, when the psalmists rejoiced in their surprising ability, under God, to bring sustenance from an unwieldy planet, they lived in a time when such “dominion” was relatively new–the ability to domesticate animals and till the soil–and the alternative was a daily hunter-gatherer existence that gave little or no time for developing culture, civilization, or even communal worship. Robert C. Holland Professor of Old Testament, A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary, I suspect that most in your congregation would not appreciate a sermon that began like this: “There are things that are essential to our faith, but I can’t speak about them because you would not be able to understand. The question, “What are humans?” has two important features that are keys to the meaning of the psalm. The One who created the heavens is concerned and compassionate toward man and ultimately will fulfill all the dreams of humanity. It begins and ends with the same acknowledgment of the transcendent excellency of God’s name. Despite the lowliness of humans before God, verse 5 declares God made humans “a little lower than God.” The word for God, however, is a general word (elohim) that may be translated “angels” or “gods.” Only context can determine if the word refers to the one God, to the attendants around God’s throne, or to the gods of the nations. Second, this psalm is the only hymn in the Psalter spoken entirely to God. The psalm sings the old creation story into the present, rejoicing again in being made “little less than divine” (NJPS), which means having “dominion” over the works of God’s hands, over all creation. Second, this psalm is the only hymn in the Psalter spoken entirely to God. Perhaps the greatest difficulty in interpreting Psalm 8 is the question of how verse 1b relates to verse 2. The original volumes were not copyrighted. The psalms that immediately precede it are prayers spoken by people who are suffering or who are persecuted (Psalms 3-7). "O Lord, our Lord, how wonderful is thy name in all the earth!" The Lutheran Commentary is a product of that tradition, reverently exegeting the biblical text—not for the sake of generating more systematic theologies and dogmatic treatises, but for a closer devotion to the God who gave us the Scriptures. He simply begins and ends the psalm by declaring how majestic (kingly) God's name is in all the earth. Bellinger, Jr., Preaching This Week, WorkingPreacher.org, 2009. (This structure of the psalm could be modeled for the congregation by reading or singing it in worship in three groups: A, B, and C, corresponding to the segments of the psalm.). The human is from the earth, not from the heavens. On the instrument of Gath. that you would pay attention to them?” Hence, although the answer to the question is quite positive in Psalm 8, the same question appears in Psalm 144:3-4 and Job 7:17; 15:14 in a way that casts negative light on humanity (see also Psalm 144:2). Daily Bible Reading - Psalm 36. A modern, Western reading of the psalm tends to focus on the question “What are humans that you are mindful of them?” as an outburst of existential anxiety from an “I” alone in the midst of overwhelming vastness. Jesus references Psalm 8:2 when he comes into Jerusalem and the children are singing to him. We may be all the more awed by our expanded sense of universe, giving greater praise to God, or some of us might find the notion of God quaintly irrelevant given our “greater” understanding. But Psalm 8 is unique in at least two ways. Psalm 8 declares that there is only one Yahweh. 2Out of the mouths of babes and infants you have founded a bulwark because of your foes, to silence the enemy and the avenger. You have set your glory above the heavens. In other parts of the Old Testament the Israelite king is described in similar ways. For thou, Lord, only makest me to dwell in safety — I owe not my safety to my own valour or wisdom, nor to the courage of my followers, but to thee only. According to gittith. The birth, life, preaching, miracles, suffering, death, resurrection, and ascension of Jesus are known through the world. But as it does, the psalmist presents the high place of humans in creation as a marvel in the face of the magnificence of the rest of God’s work. It is proposed for proof ( v. A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. This second section of the psalm seems to expound on verse 1a, but what exactly does it intend to say? Wha From above God subdued chaos and made the world with order and regularity. and the rest of creation. Commentary on Psalm 145:1-8 - Working Preacher from Luther Seminary Fourteenth Sunday after Pentecost As a response to the first lesson, Psalm 145 was chosen to show how Jonah knew that God was “merciful, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast love, and ready to relent from punishing” (Jonah’s version of verse 8). David, the author, never calls the reader to actually do anything. Verse 2 is an exaggerated statement that further makes the point. In Egypt pharaoh was described as the “son of God,” as one who represented the deity on earth. LORD, our Lord, how majestic is your name in all the earth! There are many examples of this type of psalm in the book of Psalms (for example, Psalms 93, 136, 150). A psalm of David. so sinful a creature, that he should be thus favoured! Now in Psalm 8, you find there Adam's world, the type of a world to come; he was the first Adam, and had a world, so the second Adam hath a world also appointed for him; there is his oxen and his sheep, and the fowls of the air, whereby are meant other things, devils perhaps, and wicked men, the prince of the air; as by the heavens there; the angels, or the apostles, that were preachers of the gospel. And how very curious and instructive it is that the first psalm of praise in the Bible is about creation. Lutheran_Commentary Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t75t60z49 Ocr ABBYY FineReader 9.0 Ppi 600 Scanner Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.4.2 Year 1895 . The result is not only confusion, but potentially destructive misuse. And we? We have power, to be sure, but God-like power will abuse nothing. Related Videos. First, the word “human” translates the Hebrew expression ben adam (“son of man”). First, it is the first hymn one encounters when reading the Psalms straight through. Its two sides stand for God's eternal glory outside of creation, strong and immoveable as the eternal shores which support the bridge. This may be due in part to the fact that kingship came to an end in Israel in 587 BCE. This psalm is a solemn meditation on, and admiration of, the glory and greatness of God, of which we are all concerned to think highly and honourably. Now, the answer to the singer’s question “Who am I?” question is the surprised recognition that “I’m surrounded!”–which could well be the title of a sermon on this psalm. Enduring Word Bible Commentary Psalm 8 Psalm 8 – The Glory of God in Creation The title of this psalm reads, To the Chief Musician. Commentary on Psalm 8:1,2 (Read Psalm 8:1,2) The psalmist seeks to give unto God the glory due to his name. Now, instead of an isolated “me,” viewing a distant universe in existential anxiety, “I” (C) stand surrounded by the gracious and protecting works of God (B/B’) and the congregation gathered to sing God’s praise (A/A’). Glory and honor are words used to describe monarchs, but here they describe all human beings. Second Samuel 7 calls David God’s son when God appoints him to his office. Psalms 8. Him and now he goes into more of that thanks and praise so Psalm eight is a psalm of that thanks and praise so notice too. Human beings, according to our psalm, occupy the honored center in the great chain of being — “a little lower than … The portrait of humans in this section is much like the one in Genesis 1:1-2:4a and 2:4b-25. The … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 8" Rather, the psalmist wonders at the natural world because of the majesty of God who stands over them and has put them in place. The psalm is filled with promise in the midst of a time of waiting and uncertainty. I have set the Lord always before me] Heb. 7:50. MARTIN LUTHER’S PSALM Psalm 46 1 God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. Throughout our series in the Psalms, we’ve often been reminded of the fact that a majority of the psalms are in the lament genre. Psalm 138 – God’s Promise to Honor His Word and to Complete His Work. Psalm 85 is a perfect psalm for this second Sunday of Advent. Here they are classified as domestic and wild, birds and fish. But the repetition of these words adds emphasis and says something that the first occurrence of the words alone does not say. Adam is closely related to the word for earth or soil (adamah; Genesis 2:7). The Old Testament Readings: Psalm 85:1-2, 8-13 (Advent 2). Prayer. The God who made all things is the only one worthy of the name that is majestic in all the earth (vv.1, 9). comment. The expression “you set your glory above the heavens” (8:1b) probably indicates that God is sovereign and thus sits as king over the creation. Psalm 8:1a and 9a declare that the whole created order gives evidence of God’s sovereignty. Matthew 21:16. The image of God bestowed on humans in Genesis 1:26-28 is defined by human dominion. The psalm begins and ends with the outburst of congregational praise of God’s majestic name (A/A’). Most of us are so used to being more or less well off and more or less comfortable that we have difficulty hearing the text from the margin, from the perspective of the underdog or the endangered. Amazing! September 18, 2011 Psalm 8 reveals that those suffering at the hands of evil forces are those made in the image of God and valued highly by their creator. It's something that song. Commentary & Application for Psalm 16. I have equally set, or proposed. Indeed, the psalm proclaims that humans are God’s agents on earth. Psalms 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved. The Lutheran Witness, in 1922, had an article on How the "Popular Commentary" Was Written.It gives a brief background of the work. If this creational dimension of the psalm becomes a part of our preaching, we need to make people hear as clearly as possible that exploitation is not the message of Genesis 1 and not that of Psalm 8. An evil disease cleaveth fast unto him — Hebrew, דבר בליעל, debar Belijagnal, a word, or thing of Belial. (Psalms 8:9 RSV) What a magnificent God who can work through babes and infants and who is deeply concerned about man! The Pharisees tell Jesus that it’s not right for the children to be calling him the Son of David – the coming king. It's uh it's to the choir Master. 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